How to Plant Trees and Bushes
Start by finding the appropriate area for the tree or bush, paying attention to sun and water requirements. The key to success with any plant starts in the roots. Strong, healthy roots need good drainage, aeration and lots of organic matter to grow and thrive.
Step 1 – Dig the Hole Twice as Wide as the Pot
Dig the hole for the plant twice as wide as the container and not quite as deep as the container or root ball. When you remove the plant from the pot, the top of the soil on the root ball should be slightly above the grade of the surrounding earth. In heavy clay soil, we recommend that 25% of the root ball be above grade. Keep the soil nearby – you’ll need it to refill the hole. Remove the plant from the container and place into the new hole.
Step 2 – Remove the Plant from Its Container
Remove any strings, straps or burlap from around the root ball, being careful not to damage the bark. Using your hands gently loosen the roots from the root ball, and cut off any circling or matted roots. This allows the roots to start growing outward and downward into the soil. Plants become “root bound” in the pot, which means they are tightly twisted around each other. Loosening the roots is an essential step for plant growth. Make sure the root flare is visible above the existing grade (see photo at top of page).
Step 3 – Backfill the Hole
The third step is to backfill the hole with a mixture of 50% native soil (the soil you dug out of the hole) and 50% Uncle’s Max Mix premium compost blend. The Max Mix serves as a nutrient rich growing medium, and blending it with the native soil gives the plant a transition area where it can get accustomed to the native soil. Remove any air pockets while backfilling by tamping down with your foot periodically, or by watering the hole incrementally as you fill it. Very little backfill should be on top of the root ball.
The plant’s roots will not be able to grow through any air pockets that exist in the soil, so it is important to remove them.
Step 4 – Cover the Plant Area with Mulch
Next, cover the newly planted tree or bush with mulch, ensuring that the mulch stays at least 3-4 inches from the trunk of the plant. Mulching keeps the sun and wind from drying out the top of the root ball and also helps prevent weeds and grass from growing on top of the root ball.
Step 5 – Stake the Tree
To give the new tree extra support, we want to stake the tree to protect it from the prevailing winds, which in our part of the world come from the south. This means you’ll put a stake on the south side and on the north side of the tree. Drive the stakes into firm, undisturbed soil. Run the wire through a hose or a tube so that it doesn’t damage the tree. You’ll need have the tree staked for the first couple of growing seasons.
Step 6 – Water and Feed the Plant!
The final step is to fertilize and water the plant immediately after planting. Use Uncle’s Root Accelerator as a fertilizer for all newly planted plants. This fertilizer is designed to feed the root system of the plant, rather than promote top growth. The plant needs to develop a strong root system during the first year so that it can feed itself in the future.
Watering will be essential for the success of the plant. We recommend the 3-2-1 approach to watering. Water deeply 3 times per week the first week, 2 times the second week and once a week thereafter. For example, if the root ball was in a five gallon container, watering deeply means putting at least five gallons of water on the plant each watering. Come in and ask our experts for more information about watering your new plants.
Uncle’s Max Mix Soil Amendment
Grass Pad’s Max Mix professional landscape mix is the premium horticultural grade planting media and soil amendment. Uncle’s combination of processed pine bark fines, naturally composted organic material, lime, gypsum and sphagnum peat make for a mix that does it all! This specially blended mixture has been meticulously designed to have the ideal balance of pH, organic matter, and moisture retention while providing the necessary drainage your landscape requires.
Use Max Mix to improve soil conditions when planting trees, shrubs, annuals, perennials, bare root stock, bulbs, and vegetables. Max Mix also makes an excellent potting soil for all your outdoor pots, planters, and baskets. Uncle’s Max Mix blend is designed for use in raised vegetable gardens, rose beds, or wherever your existing soil is just not worth using. The uses are endless!
Uncle’s Root Accelerator
For newly installed trees and shrubs use Uncle’s Root Accelerator containing a special starter fertilizer formula. Uncle’s Root Accelerator is specifically formulated for new plantings and is recommended for all trees and shrubs that have been installed for less than 12 months. Promoting rapid root growth, Uncle’s Root Accelerator, applied once per month for the first year will improve your transplanting results. Uncle’s Root Accelerator concentrate is mixed with water and poured at the base of the tree or shrub.
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